Skip links

Market Highlights 2022 – 2023

Volatility in the Markets

The Indian stock markets experienced a volatile February, particularly with key Adani Group companies experiencing wild stock movements, hitting their upper and lower circuits throughout the month. This was attributed to Hindenburg's report alleging corporate misgovernance and fraud by Gautam Adani, which caused uncertainty among stock market participants.

Alongside this, the plausibility of rate hikes pausing anytime soon, inflation persisting beyond targeted levels, and the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war added to the overall instability of the Adani Group stocks. As a result, the NIFTY 50 and Sensex saw a decline of 1.7% and 0.62%, respectively, on a month-on-month basis, ending on February 28, 2023. Amidst all this uncertainty, stock market participants believe that focusing on domestic plays is the right investment strategy given the unpredictability of global growth.

Market Inflation

Throughout calendar year 2022, high U.S. inflation has remained a significant concern. According to market consensus estimates, inflation is expected to decrease from 8% in CY22 to 3.9% in CY23. However, inflation may persist longer than anticipated due to ongoing supply side issues and China's reopening, leading to an increase in metal prices over the past three months. Although inflation expectations are lower than previous cycles, it will still require close monitoring.

In India, earnings estimates are expected to grow in the mid-teens over the next two years. However, valuations could be affected if slower economic growth caused by higher commodity prices, including high energy prices, results in potential earnings downgrades. Despite growth in the premium segment, most other consumption categories have seen sluggish volume growth in recent quarters. Industry experts emphasize that a demand revival is crucial for overall growth.

What to look forward in 2023?

The Indian economy is expected to remain resilient as it emerges from the pandemic. As inflation eases, several sectors are expected to perform well, including domestic consumption, travel, and hospitality. Banks are also expected to flourish in a rising interest rate environment, as their balance sheets have become much stronger with rising credit growth. In addition, the infrastructure sector, particularly stocks linked to defense and railways, is expected to benefit from government investments.

On the other hand, sectors that are more dependent on the global market, such as Pharma and IT, may see downgrades due to slowing global growth. Looking ahead to 2023, private investment in India is expected to remain strong, particularly in areas such as energy transformation, emerging tech, and warehousing. The government is incentivizing domestic manufacturing and defense indigenization, while public sector banks are expected to continue to improve their asset quality and corporate loan portfolios.

While India still has the highest growth projections globally, the impact of slowing growth has already been felt. Although the Nifty valuation ratio is running at a 134% premium, the PE ratio compared to historical values suggests that the market is not overheated. However, the growth concerns are not fully priced into market prices.

Debt products are becoming more attractive in a rising interest rate environment, particularly short to medium-duration debt. As a result, there is growing interest in debt markets. Despite the positive outlook, there are concerns about a possible global recession in 2023 due to factors such as heightened inflation, decelerating growth, and the strength of the US dollar. Economists worldwide are warning against this possibility, and the impact on India's growth projections could be significant.
Open chat
Hi, how can we help you?